By Cindy Hahamovitch
This is the tale of the farmworkers--Italian immigrants from northeastern tenements, African American employees from the South, and imported staff from the Caribbean--who got here to paintings within the fields of latest Jersey, Georgia, and Florida within the many years after 1870. those farmworkers weren't powerless, the writer argues, for growers grew to become more and more open to negotiation as their plants ripened within the fields. yet farmers fought again with padrone or exertions contracting schemes and 'work-or-fight' forced-labor campaigns. Hahamovitch describes how growers' efforts turned more beneficial as federal officers assumed the function of padroni, delivering farmers with overseas employees on call for.
Today's migrants are as determined as ever, the writer concludes, no longer simply because poverty is an inevitable function of recent agricultural paintings, yet as the federal executive has intervened on behalf of growers, fighting farmworkers from having fun with the culmination in their labor.
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Extra resources for The Fruits of Their Labor: Atlantic Coast Farmworkers and the Making of Migrant Poverty, 1870-1945
The Fruits of Their Labor: Atlantic Coast Farmworkers and the Making of Migrant Poverty, 1870-1945 by Cindy Hahamovitch