Policing the Poor in Eighteenth-Century France - download pdf or read online

By Robert M. Schwartz

Robert Schwartz examines the French government's makes an attempt to suppress mendicity from the reign of Louis XIV to the Revolution. His examine offers a wealthy account of the evolution of poverty, the various and transferring attitudes towards the antisocial terrible, and the government's efforts to manage mendicity by way of strengthening the state's repressive equipment in the course of the eighteenth century. As Schwartz demonstrates, well known conceptions of the mendicant negative within the historical regime more and more interested in the hazard that they awarded to the remainder of society, thereby establishing the way in which for the valuable country to enhance its authority and improve its credibility by way of appearing because the agent preserving the vast majority of the population from its chance to public security.

Government efforts to manage the job of the "unworthy negative" -- these of sound brain and physique who have been obvious to want idleness over efficient paintings -- have been so much said in the course of classes of repressive policing, one within the early eighteenth century and the opposite within the final 20 years earlier than the Revolution. From 1724 to 1733 beggars have been interned in hopitaux, current municipal associations meant for the care of the "worthy poor," together with orphans, the infirm, and the elderly. yet from 1768 till the outbreak of the Revolution, extra stringent measures have been taken. good beggars and vagrants have been limited except the necessary negative on specifically verified, royal workhouses known as depots de mendicite, and in terms of a few repeat offenders, have been sentenced to the galleys.

This stepped-up point of policing arose not just from royal directors' long-standing view of mendicity as criminality; it used to be additionally made attainable as the propertied periods had likewise come to think the mendicant terrible have been a risk instead of a nuisance. fiscal and demographic stipulations mixed to swell the ranks of paupers and vagrants, particularly within the 1760s and 1770s, and social tensions, besides demands govt motion, increased in percentage to their numbers. As villagers got here to name upon the enhanced royal police for support, a favored psychological organization of the kingdom with public defense started to take root.

In arriving at those conclusions, Schwartz concentrates on legislations enforcement in one zone, reduce Normandy, yet always offers a viewpoint on neighborhood occasions by way of placing them within the context of nationwide tendencies and realities. He tells the tale of the terrible in eighteenth-century France in sympathetic phrases, giving a human face to poverty and to the lads who policed its effects.

Originally released in 1987.

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Policing the Poor in Eighteenth-Century France by Robert M. Schwartz


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