Read e-book online Manzikert 1071: The breaking of Byzantium (Campaign) PDF

By David Nicolle,Christa Hook

On 26 August 1071 a wide Byzantine military less than Emperor Romanus IV met the Saljuq Turk forces of Sultan Alp Arslan close to town of Manzikert. The conflict led to a decisive defeat for the Byzantine forces, with the Byzantine emperor captured and lots more and plenty of his fabled Varangian protect killed. This conflict is obvious because the fundamental set off of the Crusades, and because the second while the facility of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire was once irreparably damaged. The Saljuq victory unfolded Anatolia to Turkish-Islamic conquest, which used to be finally by means of the institution of the Ottoman nation. however the conflict itself was once the end result of a Christian Byzantine offensive, meant to reinforce the jap frontiers of the empire and re-establish Byzantine domination over Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. Turkish Saljuq victory was once in no feel inevitable and may, in truth, have come as anything of a shock to those that accomplished it. It was once not just the conflict of Manzikert that had such profound and far-reaching outcomes, lots of those stemmed from the debilitating Byzantine civil warfare which and was once an instantaneous final result of the defeat.

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Manzikert 1071: The breaking of Byzantium (Campaign) by David Nicolle,Christa Hook


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