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By Theodora Dragostinova

In 1900, a few 100,000 humans dwelling in Bulgaria—2 percentage of the country’s population—could be defined as Greek, no matter if by means of nationality, language, or faith. The complicated identities of the population—proud heirs of historical Hellenic colonists, dependable voters in their Bulgarian place of origin, participants of a much wider Greek diasporic neighborhood, religious fans of the Orthodox Patriarchate in Istanbul, and reluctant supporters of the Greek executive in Athens—became entangled within the becoming nationwide tensions among Bulgaria and Greece through the first 1/2 the 20 th century. In among Motherlands, Theodora Dragostinova explores the moving allegiances of this Greek minority in Bulgaria. different social teams contested the that means of the kingdom, shaping and reshaping what it intended to be Greek and Bulgarian throughout the gradual and painful transition from empire to geographical regions within the Balkans. In those a long time, the zone was once racked by way of a chain of upheavals (the Balkan Wars, international warfare I, interwar inhabitants exchanges, global warfare II, and Communist revolutions). The Bulgarian Greeks have been stuck among the competing agendas of 2 states more and more bent on developing nationwide homogeneity. in keeping with vast examine within the documents of Bulgaria and Greece, in addition to fieldwork within the international locations, Dragostinova indicates that the Greek inhabitants didn't blindly keep on with Greek nationalist leaders yet was once torn among identity with the land in their delivery and loyalty to the Greek reason. Many emigrated to Greece in keeping with nationalist pressures; others sought to keep up their Greek identification and traditions inside of Bulgaria; a few even switched facets whilst it suitable their own pursuits. nationwide loyalties remained fluid regardless of country efforts to mend ethnic and political borders by means of such skill as inhabitants events, minority treaties, and stringent citizenship ideas. the teachings of a case akin to this proceed to reverberate anyplace and every time states try and regulate nationwide borders in areas lengthy inhabited by means of combined populations.

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Between Two Motherlands: Nationality and Emigration among the Greeks of Bulgaria, 1900–1949 by Theodora Dragostinova

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